“The Treaty of Waitangi was first signed on 6 February 1840 by…

“The Treaty of Waitangi was first signed on 6 February 1840 by representatives of the British Crown and various Māori chiefs from the North Island of New Zealand. It resulted in the declaration of British sovereignty over New Zealand by Lieutenant Governor William Hobson in May 1840.

The Treaty established a British Governor of New Zealand, recognised Māori ownership of their lands, forests and other properties, and gave the Māori the rights of British subjects. In return the Māori people ceded New Zealand to Queen Victoria, giving her government the sole right to purchase land.
The English and Māori versions of the Treaty differed significantly, so
there is no consensus as to exactly what was agreed. From the British
point of view, the Treaty gave Britain sovereignty
over New Zealand, and gave the Governor the right to govern the
country. Māori believed they ceded to the Crown a right of governance in
return for protection, without giving up their authority to manage
their own affairs.
After the initial signing at Waitangi, copies of the Treaty were taken
around New Zealand and over the following months many other chiefs
signed. In total there are nine copies of the Treaty of Waitangi including the original signed on 6 February 1840.“

(Source: Wikipedia)

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